How to turn a cosmetic formula into a recipe Professional cosmetic formulas are written in percentages. So how do you convert a formula written in percentages into a weight based recipe you can make? T his article will explain:

- Converting a formula into a 100g test batch size
- How to calculate different batch sizes.

The examples used are for a simple skincare product, however the same calculations apply to any type of cosmetic product such as haircare or bodycare. One of the benefits of writing a formula in percentages is that it’s very easy to make different batch sizes, and when we talk about a batch, we simply mean a quantity of your product.

Formula | 100g batch |

50% jojoba oil | 50g jojoba oil |

30% rosehip oil | 30g rosehip oil |

18.4% macadamia oil | 18.4g macadamia oil |

1% lavender essential oil | 1g lavender essential oil |

0.5% frankincense essential oil | 0.5g frankincense essential oil |

0.1 % Vitamin E | 0.1g Vitamin E |

If I wanted to start by making a 100 gram batch, this is a very easy calculation to make. So to change a formula into a 100 gram batch, all you need to do is replace the percentage symbol with grams symbol; you can do a straight swap. Fifty percent jojoba oil would be 50 grams of jojoba oil, 30% rosehip oil would be 30 grams of rosehip oil, etc.

So as you can see, this is very easy to do. If you want to make a test batch of something like a cream or a lotion or a body butter, then a 100-gram batch is a good size to start with. For those of you familiar with ounces, 100 grams is about three-and-a-half ounces. When you’re confident that you like your product, and you don’t want to make any more adjustments to your formula, then you’ll most likely at some point want to make a larger batch size.

To do this, you firstly need to decide how much product you want to make – the total size of your batch. You then need to work out how much of each ingredient to use, and there is an easy calculation to make. This calculation is the percentage of the ingredient divided by 100, multiplied by the batch size.

## How do you calculate percentage of ingredients in skincare?

The first step in knowing how to present your recipes professionally is to present them as a percentage formula. Global Cosmetic requirements is that all cosmetic recipes be presented as percentage formula for the purpose of replication and scalability. In the following blog post, I will be sharing with you how you can do this, Calculating percentage formula using the above example recipe To accurately calculate the percentages:

Weigh all of your ingredients (column D in the example above). Like-for-like millilitres/grams only exists for water. That means that 100 millilitres of water is equivalent to 100 grams. Oils are lighter than water so all oils in liquid form must be weighed to give an accurate figure. For example, 100 millilitres of almond oil only weighs 92 grams. If you do not weigh your oils then you will not be able to replicate your product accurately when you scale up.

2. Total the weight (cell D8 in the example). Divide the weight of the individual ingredient by the total weight of all ingredients and multiply by 100 to work out the percentage formula of your recipe (formula example shown for beeswax in cell E2).100 % is equivalent to 100g of your recipe.

### What are the components of a cosmetic formulation?

The key ingredients present in most cosmetics include water, emulsifiers, preservatives, thickeners, moisturisers, colours and fragrances. Ingredients can be naturally occurring or artificial, but any potential impact on our health depends mainly on the chemical compounds they are made of.

### How do you calculate 30% of a product?

How do I calculate 30 percent off? –

- Take the pre-sale price.
- Divide the original price by 100 and multiply it by 30.
- Take this new number away from the original one.
- The new number is your discounted value.
- Laugh at how much money you’re saving!

#### What is the formulation for percentage?

Percentage Formula –

- To determine the percentage, we have to divide the value by the total value and then multiply the resultant by 100.
- Percentage formula = (Value/Total value) × 100
- Example: 2/5 × 100 = 0.4 × 100 = 40 per cent

### What is the 1% rule for ingredients?

Knowledge You pick out a product off the shelf or tap the product page on a website, and heading to the ingredients list you immediately feel your heart rate increase. Maybe you start sweating and your anxiety kicks in. What does all of this even mean and how do I even begin to understand if it’s right for me? Take a deep breath.

- Read High to Low – All ingredients on products are listed in order of predominance (1). The ingredient used in the greatest amount is listed first, followed by the next ingredient, and the next, all in descending order. Psst. That means that if a product’s ingredients list starts with something like Propylene Glycol, then almost 50 per cent of that product is made with this toxic chemical, common in many drugstore deodorants.
- The 1% rule – Ingredients that have a concentration of 1 per cent or lower don’t need to be listed in any order from one another, as long as they come after those that are in higher than a 1 per cent concentration (3). What’s more, concentration amounts don’t need to be listed if they’re not medical (1). So while you may know which is at the top of the list, you’re still not sure exactly how much of that one ingredient is in the product you’re using.
- Trade secrets trump transparency – Like White Spot’s secret sauce, trade secrets don’t need to be listed on an ingredients label. In lieu of giving away what makes that one product super special, companies simply have to list “and other ingredients.”
- Fragrances can be a catch all – Oh fragrances, how they confuse us, Instead of having to list everything that makes up the fragrance aspect of a product, companies are simply required to write down “fragrance” (1). This means that things like formaldehyde and acetone could be bundled up in that “fragrance” statement. This is why we stick to only using essential oils in our free-from deodorants,
- Just because something has essential oils in it, doesn’t make it natural – Speaking of essential oils, remember that 1 per cent rule we mentioned above? Typically you’ll find essential oils at the bottom of an ingredients list, as their concentration is lower than 1 per cent in many beauty products (3). So when a brand claims they’re natural, make sure it’s for more than their essential oils.
- Contrary to popular belief, if you can’t pronounce it it doesn’t mean it’s bad for you – To confuse you one last time, ingredient names must be written in the form declared by the International Nomenclature for Cosmetic Ingredients (2). Huh? This was designed, more than five decades ago, to allow for unambiguous identification of ingredients. Do you find Tocopherol unambiguous? That’s Vitamin E, by the way. Our recommendation – look up the first few ingredients if you’re unsure what they are. You’ll soon be savvy at deciphering what is a chemical in disguise and what is simply the Latin word for a natural extract.

So what are we saying? Educate, educate, educate.

- Read this blog post. Bookmark this blog post. Print this blog post out, frame it, and hang it on your wall.
- When you’re interested in a product (or are curious about one you’re already using), head to the company’s website to find listed ingredients, or snap a photo of the packaging.
- Use this blog post to understand how to approach a product’s ingredients list, use this one to understand exactly what that ingredient is that you’re trying to pronounce, and then this one to understand why we’ve made things simple by being free-from,

Deep exhale. You’re an empowered shopper.

## What is the 1% line in skincare?

The 1% Line Skincare Ingredients Rule — PBL Magazine Ever felt mislead by a cosmetic that just hasn’t done that much for your skin? Well you’re not the only one, there are plenty of claims made by cosmetic companies on what ingredients are used and and what they can do for your skin – and while those claims are not exactly false, they can be misleading to the consumer.

- The 1% Line There is something in cosmetics called the “1% line” – basically, everything after a certain point in the full list of ingredients of a product is under 1% concentration.
- This is important if you’re paying specifically for active ingredients such as Vitamin C, niacinamide etc.
- If the active ingredient is to the right of the 1% line, it is very often in such low concentrations it will not be effective as marketed (this doesn’t apply to all actives, some like retinol and hyaluronic acid are effective below 1%).

This line is based on the idea that ingredients are listed in order from the greatest to least concentration. According to INCI – the International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients, a skincare brand is required to print the ingredients on the packaging in the order of highest to lowest concentration.

- So how can you find the 1% line? There are some indicators that can tell you if a product is after the 1% line.
- A common indicator of an ingredient that is used in this very low percentage is Xantham Gum,
- Xantham Gum is a thickening agent, which, unless your product is viscous, thick (likely a gel), Xanthum Gum or any gum will rarely every be above 1% as it would make the product very tacky.

The more fluid the formula, the less likely that Xantham Gum will be in the product in large quantities. Other gums incude:

- Gellan Gum
- Guar Gum
- Sclerotium Gum
- Hydroxyethylcellulose
- Hydroxypropylmethyl Cellulose
- Hydroxypropyl Cellulose

Another indicator is Phenoxyethanol, This is the go to preserver for most cosmetics now as it is the greener alternatives to to parabens. There is a legal limit in the EU and FRA that Phenoxyethanol can never be above 1% concentration. So as as a fact you can be aware that everything after this ingredient is below 1% in concentration.

Here’s where it gets tricky though. once the list gets to ingredients that are included at a concentration of 1% or less, they no longer have to be in order. Brands can float these ingredients as they like, so they often move ingredients like Phenoxyethanol or thickening agents to the bottom of the list and put extracts at the top to make the ingredients look better – but there’s a trick to that too.

Extracts in general are not going to be above 1%. This includes essential oils, and fragrances – especially for face products. For one, larger concentration of these ingredients can cause irritation, and two, extracts are expensive and not always stable.

- Therefore, your full 1% Line Indicator is:
- Phenoxyethanol
- Extracts (with some exceptions)
- Fragrance and Essential oils (for the face)
- Parabens
- Disodium EDTA
- Sodium Benzoate
- Potassium Sorbate
- Thickening Agents

: The 1% Line Skincare Ingredients Rule — PBL Magazine

### How do you convert a product to a percentage?

Multiply the decimal number by 100 If you’re required to convert a decimal number like 0.57 into a percentage, multiply it by 100. For example: 0.57 x 100 = 57% 0.03 x 100 = 3%

## What is the profit margin in cosmetics?

Cosmetics Profit Margin | Guide for Startups The average profit margin in cosmetics is 10%-15% minimum, whereas if we talk about luxury brands, the profit margin is more than 50%, The cosmetic Industry in India is a prospering sector and is expected to grow with more than 9.5% CAGR for 2022-2028,

### What is the markup percentage for cosmetics?

Types of pricing beauty product strategies – Now that we have the basics down, it’s time to think about product line pricing strategies. We are going to cover the following strategies to help you maximize sales and increase profits:

- Fixed markup (%)
- Fixed markup ($)
- Tiered markup

Fixed markup (%) Fixed markup is a type of pricing strategy that involves adding a pre-set profit % amount to the cost of your products. What’s the pre-set profit percentage you might ask? Well, there is no “right” pre-set percentage. Usually, businesses do a 50% markup to ensure that fixed costs are covered with space for a profit margin. Here’s an example for a liquified lipstick:

- Product cost: $7.00
- Fixed markup: 120%
- Markup: $8.40
- Retail price: $15.40

Fixed markup ($) Fixed markup is a type of pricing strategy that involves adding a pre-set profit $ amount to the cost of your products. Here’s an example for a liquified lipstick:

- Product cost: $7.00
- Fixed markup: $10.00
- Retail price: $17.00

Tiered markup Tiered markup is a type of pricing strategy that involves setting different markups based on your product’s pricing. Here’s an example:

- Product costs between $0.01-$4.99 = $19.99 retail price
- Product costs between $5.00-$9.99 = $29.99 retail price
- Product costs above $9.99 = 200% markup

## What are the 5 main categories of cosmetic products?

The basics – Cosmetics and personal care products are applied to the human body for the purposes of cleaning, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or changing its appearance. Ranging from antiperspirants, fragrances, make-up and shampoos, to soaps, sunscreens and toothpastes, cosmetics and personal care products play an essential role in in all stages of our life. People have been using cosmetics for thousands of years, and today, the vast majority of Europe’s 500 million consumers use cosmetics and personal care products every day to protect their health, enhance their well-being and boost their self-esteem.

- Learn more about the benefits of cosmetics and personal care products,
- The market penetration of some cosmetic and personal care products in the EU is likely to be near 100%.
- For instance, deodorant usage is close to total in the UK, with 94% of women and 87% of men using deodorants, while in France, 98% of adult women and 94% of adult men use liquid shampoo.

In terms of the frequency with which cosmetic products are used, differences can be observed across countries, between people of different genders and ages and for different cosmetic products. A sample of data for some of the most widely used cosmetic products is given in the diagram below. Cosmetics are regulated to ensure safety, governed mainly by the European Union’s (EU) Cosmetics Regulation. To learn more, read Understanding the Cosmetics Regulation, Our industry works hard to provide information because knowledge about cosmetics and their ingredients underpins consumer confidence in the products they use.

- The Cosmetics Regulation sets out labelling requirements to provide consumers with the information they need,
- Beyond labelling, we provide information to consumers through other means, including marketing and communications.
- Learn how we inform the consumer,
- Every cosmetic and personal care product on the market in Europe is safe to use.

We state this with confidence because safety is the primary concern of all manufacturers. Moreover, European Union legislation requires all new products to undergo an expert scientific safety assessment before they are launched for sale. Learn about the activity we undertake to ensure safety,

#### What are the 3 classifications of cosmetics?

Cosmetics are classified into ‘perfume and eau de cologne’ including fragrance, ‘makeup cosmetics’ including foundation creams, lipsticks and eye makeup, ‘skin care cosmetics’ including facial cream, skin lotion, skin milk and cleansing cream, ‘hair care products’ including hair dye, shampoo and hair treatment, and ‘

#### How to calculate 30 of 100?

Answer: 30% of 100 is 30.

## How do you find 30% of 90?

Answer: 30% of 90 is 27.

## How do you calculate percentage in pharma?

To express the value as a percentage, we need to convert the number of milligrams in 1 mL to grams in 100 mL: g – – mg 10 mg= 0 0 1 0 =0.01 g There is 0.01 g of morphine sulfate in 1 mL of solution. Which means that there is 0.01×100 g=1 g in 100 mL. The percentage is 1% w/v.

### What is the formula for calculating the percentage change in production?

How Do I Calculate Percentage Change? – If you are tracking a particular stock’s price increase, use the formula (New Price – Old Price)/Old Price and then multiply that number by 100. If the price decreased, use the formula (Old Price – New Price)/Old Price and multiply that number by 100.

### How do you calculate percentage augmentation?

Introduction – Arterial compliance is defined as the change in arterial volume divided by associated distending pressure (when applied to closed chambers), It is known that the compliance of arteries in the human body declines with age, and it decreases from childhood even in the absence of cardiovascular diseases.

It is reduced in hypertensive subjects and patients with end-stage renal disease or diabetes, Increased arterial stiffness is an independent marker of cardiovascular disease in hypertensive subjects and is linked to ventricular hypertrophy and atherosclerosis, Arterial compliance can be modified by antihypertensive drugs, exercise and oestrogen replacement in women and androgen suppression in men,

The arterial tree is composed of different arterial segments. These segments differ in the proportions of elastin-collagen to smooth muscle. Most studies show that the ageing process is greater in the more proximal, more elastic and less muscular arteries,

The augmentation pressure (AG) is the measure of contribution that the wave reflection makes to the systolic arterial pressure, and it is obtained by measuring the reflected wave coming from the periphery to the centre. Reduced compliance of the elastic arteries causes an earlier return of the ‘reflected wave’, which arrives in systole rather than in diastole, causing a disproportionate rise in systolic pressure and an increase in pulse pressure (PP), with a consequent increase in left ventricular afterload and a decrease in diastolic blood pressure (BP) and impaired coronary perfusion.

The augmentation index (AI) is an indirect measure of arterial stiffness and increases with age, and it is calculated as AG (augmentation pressure) divided by PP ×100 to give a percentage. With an increase in stiffness there is a faster propagation of the forward pulse wave as well as a more rapid reflected wave.

### How do you calculate percentage change in production?

How Percentage Change Works – Calculating percentage change is fairly straightforward with these steps:

Step 1 : Determine the original stock price and the new price. Step 2 : Calculate the amount change by subtracting the original price from the new price. Step 3 : Divide the change by the original price. Step 4 : Multiply by 100.

Percentage change works simply by giving investors a quick look at what a stock’s movement means in the context of the whole price of the stock. We divide by the old number because percentage change is meant to show how much the stock price has changed relative to the former price.

- This way we know at a quick glance how significant the change is and we can more easily compare the change from, say, year to year or company to company.
- Let’s explore another example of percentage change with Netflix stock, only this time with a year-over-year percentage change from Sept.28, 2020, to Sept.28, 2021.

First, you can use a trading platform or online tool to find the two prices. The original 2020 price was $490.65 and the new 2021 price was $583.85. Next, you can calculate the change over the time period by subtracting $490.65 from $583.85 to get a change of $93.20.